IVANČICE

The local Jewish settlement, which had probably existed since as early as the 13th century, was one of the oldest and most important in Moravia. The Jewish Community of Ivančice was restored for a short period of time after the end of the WWII. Until 1840, a yeshiva was run in Ivančice with a number of noted rabbis.
The Jewish quarter is situated in the north part of the city centre, today comprising streets Josefa Vávry, Jana Schwarze and Ve fortně. Out of the initial 73 houses 52 remain, a bathhouse at No. 100 and a school at No. 42 (Fig. 1) among them. What arrests visitors attention is the picturesque front face of the house at No. 98 with a forged balcony railing from 1818.

The synagogue (Fig. 2) at 26 Josefa Vávry Street was built in late classicist style at the site of an older temple in 1853. The synagogue was used as a storage space for 50 years; since 2008 a comprehensive historical reconstruction has been under way in order to enable the use of the synagogue for the town’s cultural needs.

The Jewish cemetery (Fig. 3) can be found in Mřenková Street, approximately 400 m north of Palacký Square. It was founded in 16th century at the latest; the area of over 2.5 acres comprises about 1,800 tombstones, the oldest readable stone dating back to 1580. Some very valuable tombs can be found at the cemetery: of baroque and classicist origin, with remarkable symbolism alluding to the family, name, profession or character of the deceased. The cemetery is also a place where you can visit the graves of a number of notable personalities. A hall of mourning from 1902 built at the cemetery entrance in eclectic architectonic style arrests a visitor’s attention. A visit to the cemetery is possible upon a prior appointment with Mrs. Dvořáčková (address: 24 Mřenková Street, phone: +420 546 437 280).

Ivančice is the birthplace of the musicologist Guido Adler (1855–1941, Vienna) and the music composer Hugo Weisgall (1912–1997, New York). A memorial mounted on the wall at 1 Krumlovská Street commemorates the place where a transit and later interment camp for Jewish citizens was located in 1938–1942.

More information on Ivančice sights and its landmarks can be found at www.ivancice.cz.

 

 

 
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