STRÁŽNICE

A Jewish settlement probably existed in Strážnice since the 13th century, however the first written record dates back to 1447. The Jewish population in Strážnice peaked by the mid-19th century. Having been destructed by the Nazis during the occupation, the local Jewish Community was restored only for a short period of time after the end of WWII. Many notable rabbis worked in Strážnice in the past, such as Sabatai ben Meir ha-Kohen called Šach (Shah) in 1650–1657 (see also
www.olam.cz) and Moses Schreiber called Chatam Sofer in 1794–1798 (see also www.slovak-jewish-heritage.org/chatam-sofer-bratislava.php).

The mediaeval Jewish quarter with its cemetery in the Old City had already perished when a new Jewish quarter started to develop at the northeast border of the city’s centre, today comprising the streets Boženy Hrejsové, Zákoutí, Bzenecká, Sadová and Kovářská, in the 15th century. Out of the initial 94 houses a majority are still standing, among others a school with a flat for a rabbi at 33 Bzenecká Street, a hospital at 12 Sadová Street (with a plaque on the front wall with a Hebraic inscription and date of 1872) and a well preserved ritual bath in the basement of the house at 11 Sadová Street.

The synagogue in Sadová Street (Fig.1) was built in classicist style in 1804; local builder Leopold Slovák rebuilt it in Romanesque Revival style in 1870. Its facing gable is uniquely decorated with a sundial and in the parterre a memorial plaque to the victims of the Holocaust is mounted. The walls and the trough vault of the interior are decorated with stylish geometric painting and floral motifs and Hebraic liturgical texts dating back to 1870–1880. A comprehensive historical restoration was carried out in 1994–2007 for the synagogue to host a museum. It is the only temple in Moravia surrounded by a cemetery. The synagogue is open to public during summer (from 15 July to 15 October) Friday through Sunday from 1:00 PM to 5:30 PM. Contact: Mrs. Přikrylová, phone +420 737 849 303.

The Jewish cemetery (Fig.2) is situated at Sadová Street in the vicinity of the castle park, too. The cemetery is believed to have been founded at the end of the 18th century. The 1.2-acre area comprises around 1,500 tombstones among which valuable baroque and classicist stone-work can be found. The oldest readable stone is from 1648 and it was moved from the older burial-grounds in the Old City. The cemetery is open to public during summer (April to October) Monday through Friday from 9:00 AM to 1:00 PM. Contact: Mr. Mašek, phone +420 723 840 395.

For further information on the locality and its landmarks please see www.straznice-mesto.cz.

 

 

 

The projects Brno Jewish and Jewish - making real the reference was co-financed by the European Union.